08 Apr Agreement On The Conservation Of Polar Bears
The five representative parties met February 2-4, 2018 in Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, to update polar bear research, management and conservation efforts; exchange of information on national or international projects that could benefit long-distance polar bear countries; Reviewing progress under the implementation plan for the 2015-2017 Multi-Year Action Plan, adopted at the last meeting; Completion and adoption of the CAP`s biennial implementation plan for 2018-2020; The conclusion and adoption of the Range States internal regulations; Examine the options available to assist the secretariat of rank-and-go states; drafting and adopting the terms of reference for scientific advice. Over the past 40 years, considerable progress has been made in establishing internal and inter-judicial rules for polar bear research and management. Many of these agreements have been formalized by legally binding and non-binding instruments. An effective polar bear management regime has emerged as a result of ongoing concerted efforts by all rank states and with IUCN support. Contracting parties continue to consult with each other to provide additional protection for polar bears. Recognizing the success of the agreement, the parties celebrated their 40th anniversary by participating in December 2013 at the International Forum for polar bear conservation in Moscow, Russia. During the forum, representatives of the parties reaffirmed their determination to take joint action for polar bear conservation by signing a statement from the relevant ministers of the polar bear states. One of the strengths of the 2013 declaration is to recognize that range states are jointly responsible for conservation and research activities, that polar bears are an important global resource and an indicator of biological health in the Arctic, that the fight against climate change will be essential for the long-term conservation of species, and that the best available information should be shared and taken into account when making decisions. He also praised the important role of IUCN/SSC PBSG as a scientific advisory body for range countries. The need for an international agreement or agreement on polar bear conservation was recognized and pursued by delegates from the United States, Canada, Denmark, Norway, Switzerland and the Soviet Union in 1965. Increased polar bear hunting has put significant pressure on species in some parts of the Arctic and there has been a recognized need to improve the management of the species. The preparation of an agreement was facilitated by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), in consultation with the respective governments.
The IUCN/Species Survival Commission (IUCN/SSC) Eisb-r Specialist Group (PBSG) was established following a request to IUCN to provide information on effective polar bear management practices.