08 Apr Backstop Agreement For Dummies
Article 2 and Article 20 offer opportunities to limit backstops. Article 2, paragraph 2 of the protocol states that this is a temporary measure, while the United Kingdom identifies and develops a technology satisfactory to both parties, which carries out customs, excise, plant health and other border controls between the UK and the EU without apparent border infrastructure. The provisions must be in line with Section 10 of the European Union Withdrawal Act (Withdrawal Act) 2018 on the continuation of North-South cooperation and the prevention of new border agreements. Brexit has given rise to a whole new snmine of economic and political concerns. One of them is the impact of Brexit on Northern Ireland. If you live in Britain, you have heard a lot about Northern Ireland and the “backstop” during the Brexit negotiations. In fact, the backstop became one of the main stumbling blocks on Brexit when the withdrawal agreement was submitted for approval by the British Parliament. The backstop is an emergency plan that comes into force in the very likely event that the EU and the UK do not agree on a trade agreement at the end of the transition period (the withdrawal agreement regulates relations between the EU and the UK between the transition period, which is currently 21 months from the UK`s withdrawal from the EU). For the most part, it considers the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland to be invisible, but it has many conditions that Members consider unfavourable. But after negotiations over the details of the backstop have always bogged down, the complexity of the subject has become increasingly evident.
The Irish government, in particular, insisted on this “backstop”.   There is currently no Northern Ireland executive that operates due to significant differences between the DUP and Sinn Féin. Even if there was an operational executive at the time the protocol came into force, it is not certain that they or the Assembly speak with one voice and that a common decision is taken. And even if they did, it is not clear how much weight the UK or the EU could give to such a decision. What finally appeared in the backstop withdrawal agreement? The British government has proposed a backstop that, after the post-Brexit transition period, would focus on the EU customs union. The transition is a status quo period during which the current EU economic rules continue to apply to the UK. Under the agreement, it expires at the end of 2020, but could be extended until 2022. The “backstop” would be triggered if, by then, the two sides failed to reach agreement on a new trade agreement broad enough to avoid Irish border controls.